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Clarke"s CommentaryVerse Psalms 37:37. Mark the perfect man — Him who is described above. Take notice of him: he is perfect in his soul, God having saved him from all sin, and filled him with his own love & image. And he is upright in his conduct; & his end, die when he may or where he may, is peace, quietness, và assurance for ever.Almost all the Versions translate the Hebrew after this manner: Preserve innocence, & keep equity in view; for the man of peace shall leave a numerous posterity.Bishop Horsley thus translates: "Keep (thy) loyalty, & look well lớn (thy) integrity; for a posterity is (appointed) for the perfect man." He comes nearer to the original in his chú ý on this verse: "Keep innocency, và regard uprightness; for the perfect man hath a posterity:" "but the rebellious shall be destroyed together; the posterity of the wicked shall be cut off," Psalms 37:38.Dr. Kennicott"s lưu ý is, " אחרית acharith, which we render latter end, is posterity, Psalms 109:13. The wicked and all his race lớn be destroyed, the pious man lớn have a numerous progeny, see his sons" sons to lớn the third & fourth generation. See Job 8:19; Job 18:13-20."I think the original cannot possibly bear our translation. I shall produce it here, with the literal version of Montanus: -
pax viro novissimum quia; rectum vide et, integrum cutodi
שלום לאיש אחרית כי ישר וראה תם שמר
The nearest translation to lớn this is that of the Septuagint and Vulgate: Φυλασσε ακακιαν, και ιδε ευθυτητα, ὁτι εστιν εγκαταλειμμα ανθρωπῳ ειρηνικῳ· Custodi innocentiam, et vide aequitatem; quoniam, sunt reliquiae homini pacifico. "Preserve innocence, và behold equity; seeing there is a posterity to lớn the pacific man." The Syriac says, "Observe simplicity, & choose rectitude; seeing there is a good end to the man of peace." The reader may choose. Our common version, in my opinion, cannot be sustained. The Psalms 37:38 verse seems khổng lồ confirm the translation of the Septuagint and the Vulgate, which are precisely the same in meaning; therefore I have given one translation for both.The old Psalter deserves a place also: Kepe unnoyandnes, và se evenhede; for tha relykes er til a pesful man.
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Bibliographical InformationClarke, Adam. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/acc/psalms-37.html. 1832.
Bridgeway Bible Commentary
Psalms 37:0 Opposite destinies
This psalm is an acrostic and a wisdom poem. (Concerning acrostics see notes on Psalms 9:0 and 10. Concerning wisdom literature see introductory notes to Job.) Other wisdom poems are found in Psalms 10:14, 19, 49, 73 and 112.
On seeing how wicked people prosper, believers may be tempted lớn envy them or, worse still, to lớn doubt God’s goodness. The reminder given in this psalm is that no one should judge by outward appearances. The prosperity of worthless people will be shortlived, but the faithfulness of believers will be rewarded (1-4). Believers should therefore not be restless, impatient, or too easily angered when they see the apparent success of the wicked (5-9).One day all the wicked will be destroyed. The meek will then be the sole possessors of the land (10-11). Lasting prosperity belongs to lớn those who exercise patience & faith, not khổng lồ those who achieve their selfish goals by wrongdoing. The evil of the wicked will eventually be the cause of their own downfall (12-15).God will see that those who put spiritual values above material prosperity will, in due course, be materially blessed. But those who put material prosperity before everything else will find that it vanishes like smoke (16-20). Life will have its ups & downs, but through them all God will care for those believers who give generously khổng lồ others (21-22). They may meet troubles, but God will never desert them. Through their difficulties God will provide for them và enrich their experience of him (23-26).In the kết thúc justice will be done both khổng lồ those who are good and to those who are bad (27-29). The good people, in God’s sight, are those whose minds are so directed by God’s Word that their speech & behaviour are wise & wholesome. God will not allow the wicked khổng lồ gain the victory over them (30-34). As a towering cedar tree can be cut down in a few minutes, so those who tyrannize others will be suddenly destroyed (35-36). But God’s goodness protects the godly và saves them in times of trouble (37-40).
Bibliographical InformationFlemming, Donald C. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Fleming"s Bridgeway Bible Commentary". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/bbc/psalms-37.html. 2005.
Barnes" Notes on the Whole Bible
Mark the perfect man - In contrast with what happens to the wicked. The word “perfect” here is used to designate a righteous man, or a man who serves & obeys God. See the notes at Job 1:1. The word “mark” here means “observe, take notice of.” The argument is, “Look upon that man in the end, in contrast with the prosperous wicked man. See how the close of life, in his case, differs from that of a wicked man, though the one may have been poor and humble, & the other rich và honored.” The point of the psalmist’s remark turns on the end, or the “termination” of their course; & the idea is, that the over of the two is such as to show that there is an advantage in religion, và that God is the friend of the righteous. Of course this is khổng lồ be understood in accordance with the main thought in the psalm, as affirming what is of general occurrence.
And behold the upright - Another term for a pious man. Religion makes a man upright; & if a man is not upright in his dealings with his fellow-man, or if what he professes does not make him vì “right,” it is the fullest proof that he has no true piety, 1 John 3:7-8.
For the kết thúc of that man is peace - DeWette renders this, Denn Nachkommen hat der Mann Friedens; “For a future has the man of peace.” So it is rendered by the Latin Vulgate: Sunt reliquiae homini pacifico. So the Septuagint. So also Hengstenberg, Rosenmuller, & Prof. Alexander. Tholuck renders it, as in our version, “It shall go well at last to such man.” It seems to lớn me that the connection demands this construction, và the authority of Tholuck is sufficient khổng lồ prove that the Hebrew will admit of it. The word rendered “end” - אחרית "achărı̂yth - means properly the last or extreme part; then, the kết thúc or issue of anything - that which comes after it; then, the after time, the future, the hereafter: Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:1; Genesis 49:1; Daniel 10:14. It may, therefore, refer to anything future; và would be well expressed by the word “hereafter;” the “hereafter” of such a man. So it is rendered “my last end” in Numbers 23:10; “latter end,” Numbers 24:20; “their end,” in Psalms 73:17. It “might,” therefore, refer to lớn all the future. The connection - the contrast with what happens to lớn the wicked, Psalms 37:36, Psalms 37:38 - would seem to lớn imply that it is used here particularly và especially with reference khổng lồ the close of life. The contrast is between the course of the one and that of the other, & between the “termination” of the one course & of the other. In the one case, it is ultimate disaster and ruin; in the other, it is ultimate peace and prosperity. The one “issues in,” or is “followed by” death & ruin; the other is succeeded by peace và salvation. Hence, the word may be extended without impropriety to all the future - the whole hereafter. The word “peace” is often employed in the Scriptures to denote the effect of true religion:
(a) as implying reconciliation with God, and
(b) as denoting the calmness, the tranquility, and the happiness which results from such reconciliation, from his friendship, và from the hope of heaven.
See John 14:27; John 16:33; Romans 5:1; Romans 8:6; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 4:7. The meaning here, according to lớn the interpretation suggested above, is, that the future of the righteous man - the whole future - would be peace;
(a) as a general rule, peace or calmness in death as the result of religion; and
(b) in the coming world, where there will be perfect and eternal peace.
As a usual fact religious men die calmly và peacefully, sustained by hope and by the presence of God; as a univeral fact, they are made happy forever beyond the grave.
Bibliographical InformationBarnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Barnes" Notes on the Whole Bible". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/bnb/psalms-37.html. 1870.
Calvin"s Commentary on the Bible
37 Observe the perfect man David exhorts the faithful diligently lớn consider every instance they may meet with of the grace of God, as well as of his judgment; but he teaches, at the same time, that it is in vain for any to lớn sit in judgment upon the first aspect of things. When men do not wait patiently and quietly the time which God has appointed in his good pleasure, it often happens that faith is extinguished, and trust in the promises of God, at the same time, perishes with it. This is the reason why David exhorts us khổng lồ observe và consider, for when our minds are preoccupied by the temptation which is once presented lớn our view, hasty judgment is then the cause of our being deceived. But if a man extend his view, as if it were from a watch-tower, lớn a great distance, he will find that it has been said with truth, that the end of the reprobate & the over of the righteous respectively are at length very different. This clause, with respect to the over of these two classes of men, seems to lớn be added by way of caution, that we may learn khổng lồ suspend our judgment, if God should not immediately accomplish what he has spoken. If we should become impatient in our desires, let us moderate our minds by the reflection, that the end is not yet come, and that it behoves us lớn give God time lớn restore to lớn order the confused state of things. Some explain the word אחרית, acharith, which we have rendered the end of the wicked, of their posterity. This, however, is incorrect. David refers only khổng lồ the difference which subsists between them and the righteous in the end; for God, after he has severely tried his servants, và exercised their patience, in the end converts their adversity into a blessing, while he turns the mirth of the ungodly into mourning.
Bibliographical InformationCalvin, John. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Calvin"s Commentary on the Bible". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/cal/psalms-37.html. 1840-57.
Smith"s Bible Commentary
Psalms 37:1-40 is an interesting psalm of David in which he begins with the words,
Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity ( Psalms 37:1 ).
In verse Psalms 37:7 he also says, "Fret not thyself because of him who prospers in his way, because of the man who brings wicked devises to lớn pass." In verse Psalms 37:8 , "Fret not thyself in any wise to vày evil."
Now a common characteristic of our lives is that of fretfulness. How easy it is to lớn fret over situations. How easy it is to worry. How easy it is to become anxious. And the things that create the fretfulness within my own heart are just these things that are spoken of here: the evildoers, those who are prospering in their wicked devises; the fact that wickedness seems lớn triumph, evil triumphs over good. These things cause me to lớn fret. And yet, these are the very things that I am told I am not to fret over. God is in control, therefore I am not to fret over the evildoers nor be envious of the workers of iniquity. Why?
Because they shall soon be cut down lượt thích the grass, & wither as the green herb ( Psalms 37:2 ).
The day of the wicked is short. He is going to be cut off. Therefore, don"t be envious of him because, man, he has about had it. Why envy a person that is about ready to get cut off? So don"t be envious of the wicked. But rather,
Trust in the LORD, and do good ( Psalms 37:3 );
Put your trust in God. Better to put your trust in the Lord than your confidence in man. God knows your situation. God knows your limitations. God loves you. God will take care of you. Just trust in the Lord. Don"t sit there và worry and fret over the situations of your life. Don"t fret because it seems like everything is going down the tubes. Just trust in the Lord.
and so shalt thou dwell in the land, và thou shalt be fed ( Psalms 37:3 ).
Delight thyself also in the LORD ( Psalms 37:4 );
Have you ever tried lớn just delight yourself in the Lord? This comes through praise & through times of thanksgiving. So many times I stop và reflect in the goodness of God that He has bestowed upon me. Và as I think of God"s goodness & as I look upon God"s blessings, I just rejoice in the Lord. I just praise Him. I just delight myself in Him. "Oh God, it is so good lớn walk with You. It is so good lớn serve You. It is so good to know You. It is so good lớn be a child of the King. It is so good to lớn have the hope of eternal life." and just delighting myself in the Lord và in the blessings & in the goodness of God is an experience that I indulge in too little. We should be indulging in this much more.Now, "Delight thyself also in the Lord,"
and he shall give thee the desires of thy heart ( Psalms 37:4 ).
So here is a promise with a condition.
Commit thy way unto the LORD ( Psalms 37:5 );
And this is so important that we come khổng lồ the place of commitment of our lives và the commitment of the situations of our lives. How important that we learn khổng lồ just commit our ways into God"s hands.
trust also in him; and he shall bring it khổng lồ pass ( Psalms 37:5 ).
Or, the Hebrew word asa, He shall assemble it. He shall bring it into existence. Commit your way, trust in Him, và He shall bring it to lớn pass. Và then finally, when you"ve gotten khổng lồ the place where you can commit your life & the affairs of your life into God"s hands, then you have arrived at the place of that glorious resting in the Lord. "God, I"m just resting in You. Whatever comes, Lord. However. It"s in Your hands."
Rest in the LORD ( Psalms 37:7 ),
One of the greatest blessings of the Christian walk in life is khổng lồ be able lớn rest in the Lord in the midst of the problems, in the midst of the trials, in the midst of a world of turmoil. Resting in the Lord.
Cease from anger, forsake wrath: fret not thyself in any wise to vì evil. Because the evildoers are going khổng lồ be cut off: but they that wait upon the LORD, will inherit the earth. For yet a little while, and the wicked are not going lớn be: in fact, you will diligently consider his place, và it won"t be. But the meek shall inherit the eaRuth ( Psalms 37:8-11 );
Jesus in one of the beatitudes said, "Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth" ( Matthew 5:5 ).
and shall delight themselves in the abundance of peace ( Psalms 37:11 ).
The glorious kingdom that Jesus establishes. A kingdom of righteousness và peace, và the meek will inherit the earth và be delighted with an earth that is filled with peace. Can you imagine? No, I don"t suppose we can; we"ve never experienced it. But an earth that is filled with peace. I go by the school grounds and I see the little kids fighting. Seems like everyone is fighting. So much fighting in this world. What a glorious world it will be when we live together in peace, delighted in the abundance of peace.
The wicked plots against the just, he gnashes upon him with his teeth. The LORD will laugh at him: for he sees that his day is coming. The wicked have drawn out the sword, they have bent down their bow, to lớn cast out the poor & the needy, to lớn slay such as be of an upright manner of life. Their sword shall enter into their own heart, their bows shall be broken. For a little that a righteous man hath is better than the riches of many wicked. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the LORD upholds the righteous. The LORD knows the days of the upright: and their inheritance shall be for ever ( Psalms 37:12-18 ).
It says concerning Moses that he chose rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season. Esteeming the riches... Or the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt. So here we are told that the wicked are going to be cut off. But the inheritance of the upright is eternal.
They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: và in the days of famine they shall be satisfied. But the wicked shall perish, & the enemies of the LORD shall be as the fat of lambs that are consumed into smoke. The wicked borrows, and he doesn"t repay: but the righteous shows mercy, và gives. For such as be blessed of him shall inherit the earth; and they that be cursed of him shall be cut off. The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: và he delighteth in his way ( Psalms 37:19-23 ).
How glorious when God orders our steps and God takes delight in our way.
Though he falls, he shall not be utterly cast down: for the LORD will uphold him with his hand ( Psalms 37:24 ).
Oh, I love this! God is going lớn lead me in the right path, and if I stumble He is going khổng lồ pick me up.
I have been young, I am now old; yet I have not seen the righteous forsaken, nor God"s seed begging bread ( Psalms 37:25 ).
If you are a child of God you will never need to beg for food.
He is merciful, he lends, & his seed is blessed. Depart from evil, and do good; dwell for evermore. For the LORD loves judgment, and forsakes not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off. The righteous shall inherit the land, & dwell therein for ever. The mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom, and his tongue talks of judgment. The law of his God is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide. The wicked watches the righteous, và seeks lớn slay him. The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged. Wait on the LORD, and keep his way, & he shall exalt thee to inherit the land: when the wicked are cut off, thou shalt see it ( Psalms 37:26-34 ).
So several exhortations. From the negative standpoint: fret not, envy not, don"t be angry, cease from anger, & forsake wrath. From a positive standpoint: trust in the Lord, delight thy self in the Lord, commit your ways unto the Lord, trust in the Lord, rest in the Lord, và finally, wait on the Lord.
Mark the perfect man
Bibliographical InformationSmith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Smith"s Bible Commentary". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/csc/psalms-37.html. 2014.
Dr. Constable"s Expository Notes
This wisdom psalm advances the thought of Psalms 36. Note the mention of doers of iniquity in Psalms 36:12 and the reference to lớn evildoers in Psalms 37:1. Here David urged the righteous not lớn let the prosperity of the wicked upset them but to continue to lớn trust in God’s justice. Similar encouragements characterize Psalms 49, 73. Here the psalmist used several proverbial expressions khổng lồ convey his exhortation.
"In a moving way the psalmist giao dịch with the issues of life and death, wisdom and folly, & reward & punishment. He is most sensitive to lớn the question of the future and its rewards và sufferings. The psalmist affirms that the Lord will sustain the righteous và that they will fully enjoy the blessings promised to lớn them. The sage sets before the reader or hearer the highway of wisdom, even as our Lord called on his followers to lớn learn from him the way that pleases our Father in heaven (Matthew 5:2-10)."
This is also an acrostic psalm, but in this case each strophe (every other verse) begins with the succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet. A strophe is a logical unit determined by either the subject matter or the structure of the poem.
"This is the most obviously sapiential
Bibliographical InformationConstable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Dr. Constable"s Expository Notes". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/dcc/psalms-37.html. 2012.
Gill"s Exposition of the Whole Bible
Mark the perfect
and behold the upright; the man that is upright in heart & conversation, who has a right spirit renewed in him, & the uprightness of Christ showed unto him; or, in other words, who has the truth of grace within him, & the righteousness of Christ upon him: such men are to be marked, observed, viewed, và considered, as rare and uncommon men; & to be imitated và followed in the exercise of grace and discharge of duty; & especially the kết thúc of such persons is khổng lồ be marked và beheld, as follows;
for the end of
Bibliographical InformationGill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Gill"s Exposition of the Entire Bible". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/geb/psalms-37.html. 1999.
Henry"s Complete Commentary on the Bible
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Bibliographical InformationHenry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Psalms 37:37". "Henry"s Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". Https://www.x-lair.com/commentaries/mhm/psalms-37.html. 1706.